One in five Canadians will experience an addiction in their lifetime. While substance abuse is likely what comes to mind when speaking about addiction, many people struggle with another lesser-known type: behavioural.
Myrna Friedenberg, a counsellor with Manitoba Blue Cross’s Employee Assistance Program, explains behavioural addiction as “one where the individual becomes overly focused on an activity or experience, not a substance.” According to one study, behavioural addictions resemble substance addictions because they share similar symptoms and consequences.
Common examples of behavioural addictions include gambling, gaming, pornography, or sex. But many of our seemingly innocuous daily activities, like using the internet, eating, or even exercising can become excessive and develop into a behavioural addiction.
Identifying a behavioural addiction
As with any addiction, there are key behaviours to look for. Common indicators of a behavioural addiction include:
- changes in social interaction levels (frequently cancelling plans made with friends or avoiding family members
- perceived social alienation
- an increase in conflict with significant others
- hiding financial information
- dramatic mood shifts or moodiness
- inability to maintain everyday tasks (for example, not keeping up with life chores, or studies).
There are also signs and symptoms that are more specific to each type of behaviour. Friedenberg breaks down some of the more common examples:
Gambling, gaming, extreme internet use: “Individuals may be ‘missing’ for hours or even days at a time. They may also have large sums of money unaccounted for or even credit card debt. They may become habitual liars and can be extremely evasive.”
Sexual behaviours: “Individuals may struggle to make and maintain healthy connections with peers and loved ones. They may be hesitant to start an intimate relationship or may become promiscuous. They may also engage in a variety of sexual interactions simultaneously.”
Food and diet: “The behavioural addictions related to food and diet patterns are complex and multi-faceted. The actual weight of the individual may be less important than the obsessive focus on the activities of eating (what, when, where). For example, the individual may be obsessed with only eating a low-fat diet during the week but then binge on potato chips all weekend. Or they may heavily restrict their diet all day long, and then eat half bag of cookies sitting alone on their couch.”
Identifying an addiction doesn’t have to be difficult, and we have questions you can ask yourself that can help to assess any type of potentially addictive behaviour.
Behavioural addictions are serious disorders and seeking help is important. A great starting point is an honest self-evaluation and the admission that there is in fact a problem. From there an appropriate treatment method can be determined. “The treatment of choice for all addictions is cognitive-behavioural therapy, especially group therapy. Then, individual therapy and self-help groups,” says Friedenberg.
Behavioural addictions can be successfully treated and there is hope for recovery.
If you or someone you care about is battling addiction, you can access support through Manitoba Blue Cross’s Employee Assistance Program orIndividual Assistance Program. Begin the process to access counselling services here. (Sign in to mybluecross® to confirm your coverage.)